ReasonX: Declarative Reasoning on Explanations Using Constraint Logic Programming

Date: October 12, 2023

Presenter:Laura State

Location: Officine Garibaldi - il Cantiere delle Idee, Via Vincenzo Gioberti, 39, 56124 Pisa PI, Italia

Abstract: Explaining opaque Machine Learning (ML) models is an increasingly relevant problem. Current explanation in AI (XAI) methods suffer several shortcomings, among others an insufficient incorporation of background knowledge, and a lack of abstraction and interactivity with the user. We propose REASONX, an explanation method based on Constraint Logic Programming (CLP). REASONX can provide declarative, interactive explanations for decision trees, which can be the ML models under analysis or global/local surrogate models of any black-box model. Users can express background or common sense knowledge using linear constraints and MILP optimization over features of factual and contrastive instances, and interact with the answer constraints at different levels of abstraction through constraint projection. We present here the architecture of REASONX, which consists of a Python layer, closer to the user, and a CLP layer. REASONX’s core execution engine is a Prolog meta-program with declarative semantics in terms of logic theories.